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REGULATION OF FOXN4 DURING RETINA DEVELOPMENT

by
Mohammed M. Islam
M.Sc. 2000
University of Dhaka, Bangladesh

Thesis Advisor- Li Cai, Ph.D.
Graduate Program in Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology

Room - V14, Ground Floor, RWJMS Research Tower, Piscataway

Tuesday, December 13, 2011
11:00 a.m.


Abstract

Even though collagen is considered as an animal protein, more than a hundred collagen-like sequences with Gly as every third residue have been found in bacterial genomes. Several bacterial collagen-like proteins have been expressed and observed to form stable triple-helical structures despite the absence of hydroxyproline. The goal of my thesis research study is to characterize the biochemical and biophysical properties of bacterial collagen-like proteins and to utilize this bacterial collagen system to characterize the degradation of collagen by collagenases. The high yield cold-shock expression system was used to obtain recombinant Scl2 collagen-like protein from Streptococcus pyogenes containing an N-terminal globular domain V followed by the collagen triple-helix domain CL. The V-CL protein forms a triple-helix with a sharp thermal transition at 35-37 oC. The triple-helix domain has the potential of forming some fibrillar structures. The trimerization V domain is required for V-CL folding, which can also fold and solubilize a heterologous triple-helix domain from Clostridium perfringens.

To investigate the relationship between sequence, stability, and folding, the collagenous domain (Gly-Xaa-Yaa)79 sequence was divided to create three subdomains A, B, and C of almost equal size with distinctive amino acid features. Each subdomain was fused with V domain as a monomer (such as V-A) , a dimer (V-AA) and a trimer (V-AAA). The stability and folding rates of these proteins varied depending on the sequence. With increasing triple helix length, the stability was higher and the folding rate was slower suggesting propagation is a rate limiting factor.


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